Department of Function Tests
Nadezhda N. Abrosimova
higher qualification category physician,
EchoCG+ Doppler imaging + colour mapping
It is a modern, high-information, non-invasive, painless and safe method for the detection of cardiovascular diseases. It enables to examine the structure of the heart and the surrounding tissues, the structure of the aorta and pulmonary artery. It is used to measure the size of cardiac cavities and thickness of the walls of the heart; to assess valve functions, to detect the impairment of the contractile function and the relaxation function, to characterize the coronary blood flows, the state of the aorta and pulmonary artery.
EchoCG is used to assess the state of the pericardium, to detect pericardial effusion and cardiac thrombi.
EchoCG also helps to detect the left ventricular hypertrophy, which may be caused by a high blood pressure or may be a separate disease.
EchoCG is effectively used to early detect cardiac abnormalities, cardiac tumors, pericardial and myocardial diseases, complications of myocardial infarctions (cardiac aneurysms, thrombi). EchoCG is usually combined with Doppler imaging. The combination of methods helps to assess the speed of blood flow in the vessels, to measure the diameter of the vessels and the degree of vasoconstriction, to detect aneurysms and intracoronary thrombi, etc.
Cardiac Ultrasound System
EchoCG is used to:
- measure to size of cardiac cavities;
- assess the state and function of cardiac valves;
- measure the thickness of the walls of the heart;
- assess the myocardial contractility of the ventricles;
- assess the coronary blood flow;
- assess the state of the great vessels of the aorta and pulmonary artery;
- assess the state of the pericardium (outer layer of the heart) and measure the pericardial effusion.
- coronary heart disease;
- myocardial infarction;
- arterial hypertension and arterial hypotension;
- detection of the congenital and acquired heart and vascular diseases;
- hypotonic or cardiac type of neurocirculatory asthenia;
- cardiac rhythm disturbances and conduction disorders;
- congestive heart failure;
- heart murmur;
- past severe flue or tonsillitis;
- detection of cardiac tumors;
- detection of pericardial damages;
- detection of pericardial injuries;
- detection of cardiomyopathies;
- detection of myocarditis;
- assessment of the state of myocardium and heart valves before and after cardiac surgeries;
- assessment of the efficacy of the prescribed drug treatment (treatment for the coronary heart disease, arterial hypertension, cardiac rhythm disturbances, myocarditis, rheumatism, endocarditis, etc.).
The normal values of EchoCG vary depending on the age and sex. A patient’s EchoCG results are specified in the protocol together with the normal values for a respective age and sex group.
Before undergoing EchoCG, a patient shall provide the ECG results (not older than 1 month) and the results of the previous EchoCG (if any).
The procedure usually lasts for 20-40 minutes.
No specific preparation is required.
Electroencephalography (EEG) is used to evaluate the electrical activity of the brain. The fields of application are neurophysiology, neuropathology and psychiatry. It is used to detect brain tumors and paroxysmal attacks.
Electrocardiography (ECG) is the most widely used function test for the detection of cardiovascular diseases. ECG helps to detect the disorders of the initiation and the conduction of impulses, problems with myocardium and to assess the heart rhythm.
ECG is one of the most effective, fast and safe diagnostic methods.
Holter ECG monitoring is a function test used to record ECG withinn 24 hours. A patient wears a portable Holter monitor, which continuously records and transmit the data on the cardiac activity into the computer. The analyzing software analyzes the data and detects all types of arrhythmias and angina attacks. The physician also considers the records and corrects mistakes, if any. Holter ECG monitoring helps to make a diagnosis and significantly increase the efficacy of the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. A patient shall keep a diary to record complaints, well-being, activities, physical exercise, medications, period of waking and sleep. The physician will use this information while interpreting the Holter monitoring data. The patient wears the Holter monitor, while going about its daily routine.
The monitor is placed on the first day. It takes about 10 minutes to place it. A patient shall not specially prepare for it. The monitor removes on the second day. After that the obtained data is analyzed.
24-Hour Blood Pressure Monitoring is the measurement of blood pressure at regular intervals over 24 hours with the help of a digital blood pressure monitor. When blood pressure is being measured a patient moves around and lives its normal life.
A patient wears the BP monitor connected to a cuff around its upper arm. The patient lives its normal live, while the digital BP monitor takes blood pressure readings at regular intervals. The patient need to keep the monitor on through the night, while doing physical exercises, eating, taking medicating, etc.
The test is used to get information on how a patient’s blood pressure changes over 24 hours. It increases the accuracy of the diagnosis and the efficacy of the antihypertensive therapy.
- more accurate data on a patient’s blood pressure readings;
- prediction of cardiovascular complications (myocardial infarction, stroke);
- adjustment of drug dosage and time of intake of hypertensive drugs, monitor the safety of the prescribed therapy (by determining the life-threatening episodes of excessively low BP).
To learn more about the tests and prices, please, visit the Paid Service section.
Chief of the Department: +375-17-369-59-57